In order to offer adequate support, the feet and ankles of our body need to work together. Ankle or foot sprains is a kind of injury in the soft tissue. In most of the cases, it has been observed that the sprain occurs due to the stretch, pull or tear of ligaments that provide support for bone-to-bone connection. And a foot or ankle fracture is actually a breakage in the bone.
The most common reason for foot and ankle sprains and fractures is injuries. Usually most of the sprains and fractures happen during sports related events. Therefore, while the football players are particularly prone to foot and ankle sprain and fracture, runners are vulnerable to stress fracture on ankle or foot whereas the basketball players may develop ankle sprains. Even chances of stress fracture are also there for the gymnasts and dancers.
Another common reason for foot sprains and fractures is stumbling or tripping on uneven surface.
When someone faces from the problem of sprained or fractured foot, he or she suffers from the most common symptoms like swelling, bruising, pain and difficulty in walking on the problematic foot or ankle.
When the pain and other symptoms are minor and bearable, before going to a foot doctor, you can try out these homely remedies-
Rest – Allow the affected body part to take rest. Unless the injured foot or ankle is fully evaluated, it is better to stay off the affected area. Remember that by walking, playing sports or running on that injured ankle or foot, you may make it worse.
Applying Ice – As soon as you feel pain in the injured area, you should apply ice and then reapply for 15 to 20 minutes with an interval of three to four fours for first two days.
Compression – Around the injured foot or ankle, wrap an electric bandage snuggly.
Elevation – It will be ideal if you can position the injured foot or ankle higher than the heart. Here you can elevate the affected foot with a couple of pillows.
When you find the foot sprain and fracture is painful as well as unbearable, you need to contact a good podiatrist immediately. Podiatrist is a foot doctor, who treats and takes care of the problem of lower extremities. These podiatrists can determine the severity of the injury and accordingly they suggest the treatment. Moreover, they can advise best when you can go back to the usual routine (or go back to the game).
As per the podiatry diagnosis, the doctor recommend whether the patient needs any test, X-ray, MRI, ultrasound in order to determine the intensity of the injury. For determining the fracture, X-ray is enough wherever for injury in the tissues or torn ligament, MRI or ultrasound may be recommended.
As per the severity of the injury, the foot doctor suggests the treatment. He or she may suggest a period of immobilization for broken bone or sprain, whereas for unstable fracture they may recommend surgery. Therefore, while going for a podiatrist it is always recommended to go for the licensed and affiliated one since there are a number of certified foot doctors available in Sacramento. Here you can either use the internet or go through the local recommendation for choosing the best one in this field.
For more information or questions, please contact one of our local Sacramento podiatrist for an immediate response.